People / Faculty

Rebecca Saxe

Rebecca Saxe, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Building: 46-4019
Lab: Saxe Lab
Email: saxe at

Externally observable components of human actions carry only a tiny fraction of the information that matters. Human observers are vastly more interested in perceiving or inferring the mental states - the beliefs, desires and intentions - that lie behind the observable shell. If a person checks her watch, is she uncertain about the time, late for an appointment, or bored with the conversation? If a person shoots his friend on a hunting trip, did he intend revenge or just mistake his friend for a partridge? The mechanism people use to infer and reason about another person’s states of mind is called a ‘Theory of Mind’ (ToM). One of the most striking discoveries of recent human cognitive neuroscience - made in our lab, and others - is that there is a group of brain regions in human cortex that selectively and specifically underlie ToM. Excitingly, most questions about these brain regions remain open.

Our lab studies Theory of Mind as a case study in the deeper and broader question: how does the brain - an electrical and biological machine - construct abstract thoughts? We use functional neuroimaging, behavioural studies with kids and adults, patient studies, and transcranial magnetic stimulation to study abstract representations in the human brain. In addition to Theory of Mind, our recent research investigates brain development, moral reasoning, causal reasoning, and language. We are interested in students or post-docs with backgrounds in philosophy, computer science, or systems neuroscience, in addition to psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

Learn what is "Inside Rebecca Saxe's Head".

Young L, Camprodon JA, Hauser M, Pascual-Leone A, Saxe R. Disruption of the
right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the
role of beliefs in moral judgments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Apr
13;107(15):6753-8. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

Bonawitz EB, Ferranti D, Saxe R, Gopnik A, Meltzoff AN, Woodward J, Schulz LE.
Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action in toddlers'
causal inferences. Cognition. 2010 Apr;115(1):104-17. Epub 2010 Jan 25.

Redcay E, Dodell-Feder D, Pearrow MJ, Mavros PL, Kleiner M, Gabrieli JD, Saxe
R. Live face-to-face interaction during fMRI: a new tool for social cognitive
neuroscience. Neuroimage. 2010 May 1;50(4):1639-47. Epub 2010 Jan 22.

Baker CL, Saxe R, Tenenbaum JB. Action understanding as inverse planning.
Cognition. 2009 Dec;113(3):329-49. Epub 2009 Sep 2.

Additional Publications